RSS Category: Addiction

Making smoking cessation a game increases abstinence among smokers not yet ready to quit

Making smoking cessation a game increases abstinence among smokers not yet ready to quit

How can smokers who aren’t yet ready to quit be motivated to do so? According to a study co-authored by UMass Chan Medical School researchers, smokers in a randomized clinical trial were nearly twice as likely to stop after participating in a t... »

Smoking cessation through a healthcare system model is shown more effective than telephone ‘quitlines’ in the short term

Smoking cessation through a healthcare system model is shown more effective than telephone ‘quitlines’ in the short term

A healthcare system model that offered tobacco cessation treatment to smokers being discharged from a hospital produced a higher rate of tobacco abstinence during the three- month program than referral to a state-based telephone quitline, but the adv... »

New data-driven simulation model projects national opioid crisis to worsen before it gets better

New data-driven simulation model projects national opioid crisis to worsen before it gets better

A significant challenge in addressing the country’s opioid crisis is that policies based on past patterns of behavior may have unintended consequences because those patterns change over time. Collaborating with the U.S. Food and Drug Administra... »

New drugs with high abuse potential more likely to be approved, go to market to treat pain

New drugs with high abuse potential more likely to be approved, go to market to treat pain

“Despite the prevalence and societal costs of pain in the United States, investment in pain medication development is low, due in part to poor understanding of the probability of successful development of such medications,” said the autho... »

Action is needed to reduce e-cigarette use among adolescents to lower lifetime CVD risk

Action is needed to reduce e-cigarette use among adolescents to lower lifetime CVD risk

E-cigarettes have become increasingly popular among adolescents, and the latest available scientific evidence suggests the use of these products leads to adverse health effects that may accrue over time, leading to an increased risk of cardiovascular... »

US death rate from alcoholic liver cirrhosis triples over two decades

US death rate from alcoholic liver cirrhosis triples over two decades

Americans may have a collective drinking problem, made worse by the obesity epidemic, new research suggests. The new study found that deaths from alcoholic cirrhosis have more than tripled in 20 years. »

Taking opioids at home after surgery: More harms than benefits

Taking opioids at home after surgery: More harms than benefits

A new study conducted at the RI-MUHC concludes that prescribing opioid analgesics at discharge after surgery does not reduce postoperative pain and increases the risk of adverse events. »

New report finds smoking increases the risk of depression and schizophrenia

New report finds smoking increases the risk of depression and schizophrenia

Smoking increases the risk of developing schizophrenia by between 53% and 127% and of developing depression by 54% to 132%, a report by academics from the University of Bristol published today has shown. More research is needed to identify why this i... »

No peers, no beers: Research shows youth substance use declined during the COVID-19 pandemic

No peers, no beers: Research shows youth substance use declined during the COVID-19 pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to concerns for youth mental health and social well-being, including its potential to spur substance use behaviors. »

Increased overdose and mental health risks persist two years after opioid dose reduction

Increased overdose and mental health risks persist two years after opioid dose reduction

Researchers from the UC Davis Center for Healthcare Policy and Research examined the potential long-term risks of opioid dose tapering. They found that patients on stable but higher-dose opioid therapy who had their doses tapered by at least 15% had ... »